Mechanomyography responses characterize altered muscle function during electrical stimulation-evoked cycling in individuals with spinal cord injury

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Date

2018-07

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Publisher

Elsevier

Abstract

Background Investigation of muscle fatigue during functional electrical stimulation (FES)-evoked exercise in individuals with spinal cord injury using dynamometry has limited capability to characterize the fatigue state of individual muscles. Mechanomyography has the potential to represent the state of muscle function at the muscle level. This study sought to investigate surface mechanomyographic responses evoked from quadriceps muscles during FES-cycling, and to quantify its changes between pre- and post-fatiguing conditions in individuals with spinal cord injury. Methods Six individuals with chronic motor-complete spinal cord injury performed 30-min of sustained FES-leg cycling exercise on two days to induce muscle fatigue. Each participant performed maximum FES-evoked isometric knee extensions before and after the 30-min cycling to determine pre- and post- extension peak torque concomitant with mechanomyography changes. Findings Similar to extension peak torque, normalized root mean squared (RMS) and mean power frequency (MPF) of the mechanomyography signal significantly differed in muscle activities between pre- and post-FES-cycling for each quadriceps muscle (extension peak torque up to 69%; RMS up to 80%, and MPF up to 19%). Mechanomyographic-RMS showed significant reduction during cycling with acceptable between-days consistency (intra-class correlation coefficients, ICC = 0.51–0.91). The normalized MPF showed a weak association with FES-cycling duration (ICC = 0.08–0.23). During FES-cycling, the mechanomyographic-RMS revealed greater fatigue rate for rectus femoris and greater fatigue resistance for vastus medialis in spinal cord injured individuals. Interpretation Mechanomyographic-RMS may be a useful tool for examining real time muscle function of specific muscles during FES-evoked cycling in individuals with spinal cord injury.

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Keywords

FES, cyclingMuscle, fatigue, Mechanomyography, Spinal cord injury

Citation

Islam, M.A, Hamzaid, N.A., Ibitoye, M.O., Hasnan, N., Abdul Wahab, A.K. & Davis, G.M. (2018): Mechanomyography responses characterize altered muscle function during electrical stimulation-evoked cycling in individuals with spinal cord injury. Clinical Biomechanics. 58, 21–27, Published by Elsevier, Netherlands. Available online at https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clinbiomech.2018.06.020

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