Understanding Vulnerability of Ilorin Central Area, Ilorin, Kwara State

Bako, A. I. ; Aduloju, O. T. B. ; Suleiman, A. R. ; Lawal, F. O. (2018)


Urban vulnerability to disasters is indubitably a function of human behaviour and lifestyles. Globally, countries have shown vulnerabilities to disasters, both natural and man-made in the time past and present. However, poverty represents a distinct contributing factor to vulnerabilities both in time and space. it is against this problem proceedings that this research was borne out with the aim of investigating the vulnerabilities vis-à-vis the resilient nature of Ilorin central area. The specific objectives of this study focus on assessing the socio-economic characteristics of the study area, identifying the actual and potential disasters of the study area. Etc. The methodology employed involved the collection of spatial (satellite imagery, topographical map. Etc.) and non-spatial data (socio-demographic data, risk factors etc.), both primary and secondary data. The key findings from multiple regression analysis using dummy variables reveals that there exists a functional dependency at a significant p level of 0.00 on Unregulated land use, socio-economic characteristics. Furthermore, flooding and traces of heat wave were labelled to be the most prevalent form of vulnerability in Ilorin central area of study. To this end, few policy responses like public awareness, adaptive urban planning techniques, community engagement were recommended as a way forward in coping and forestalling vulnerabilities.